National health education standards

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Title: National Health Education Standards
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PDF National Health Science Standards

National Health Education Standards: Achieving Excellence
HEALTH EDUCATION STANDARD 1 - Students will comprehend concepts related to health
promotion and disease prevention to enhance health.
Rationale
The acquisition of basic health concepts and functional health knowledge provides a foundation for promoting
health-enhancing behaviors among youth. This standard includes essential concepts that are based on
established health behavior theories and models. Concepts that focus on both health promotion and risk
reduction are included in the performance indicators.
Performance Indicators
Pre-K-2 3-5 6-8 9-12
1.2.1. Identify that 1.5.1. Describe the 1.8.1. Analyze the 1.12.1. predict how
healthy behaviors affect relationship between relationship between healthy behaviors can
personal health. healthy behaviors and healthy behaviors and affect health status.
personal health. personal health.
1.2.2. Recognize that 1.5.2. Identify examples 1.8.2. Describe the 1.12.2. Describe the
there are multiple of emotional, intellectual, interrelationships of interrelationships of
dimensions of health. physical, and social emotional, intellectual, emotional, intellectual,
health. physical, and social physical, and social
health in adolescence. health.
1.2.3. Describe ways to 1.5.3. Describe ways in 1.8.3. Analyze how the 1.12.3. Analyze how
prevent communicable which a safe and healthy environment affects environment and personal
diseases. school and community personal health. health are interrelated.
environment can promote
personal health.
1.8.4. Describe how 1.12.4. Analyze how
family history can affect genetics and family
personal health. history can impact
personal health.
1.2.4. List ways to 1.5.4. Describe ways to 1.8.5. Describe ways to 1.12.5. Propose ways to
prevent common prevent common reduce or prevent injuries reduce or prevent injuries
childhood injuries. childhood injuries and and other adolescent and health problems.
health problems. health problems.
1.2.5. Describe why it is 1.5.5. Describe when it is 1.8.6. Explain how 1.12.6. Analyze the
important to seek health important to seek health appropriate health care relationship between
care. care. can promote personal access to health care and
health. health status.
1.8.7. Describe the 1.12.7. Compare and
benefits of and barriers to contrast the benefits of
practicing healthy and barriers to practicing
behaviors. a variety of healthy
behaviors.
1.8.8. Examine the 1.12.8. Analyze personal
likelihood of injury or susceptibility to injury,
illness if engaging in illness or death if
unhealthy behaviors. engaging in unhealthy
behaviors.
1.8.9. Examine the 1.12.9. Analyze the
potential seriousness of potential severity of injury
injury or illness if or illness if engaging in
engaging in unhealthy unhealthy behaviors.
behaviors.
National Health Education Standards: Achieving Excellence
HEALTH EDUCATION STANDARD 2 - Students will Analyze the influence of family, peers, culture,
media, technology and other factors on health behaviors.
Rationale
Health is affected by a variety of positive and negative influences within society. This standard focuses on
identifying and understanding the diverse internal and external factors that influence health practices and
behaviors among youth including personal values, beliefs and perceived norms.
Performance Indicators
Pre-K-2 3-5 6-8 9-12
2.2.1. Identify how the 2.5.1. Describe how the 2.8.1. Examine how the 2.12.1. Analyze how
family influences personal family influences personal family influences the family influences the
health practices and health practices and health of adolescents. health of individuals.
behaviors. behaviors.
2.5.2. Identify the 2.8.2. Describe the 2.12.2. Analyze how the
influence of culture on influence of culture on culture supports and
health practices and health beliefs, practices challenges health beliefs,
behaviors. and behaviors. practices and behaviors.
2.5.3. Identify how peers 2.8.3. Describe how peers 2.12.3. Analyze how peers
can influence healthy and influence healthy and influence healthy and
unhealthy behaviors. unhealthy behaviors. unhealthy behaviors.
2.2.2. Identify what the 2.5.4. Describe how the 2.8.4. Analyze how the 2.12.4. Evaluate how the
school can do to support school and community can school and community can school and community can
personal health practices support personal health affect personal health impact personal health
and behaviors. practices and behaviors. practices and behaviors. practice and behaviors.
2.2.3. Describe how the 2.5.5. Explain how media 2.8.5. Analyze how 2.12.5. Evaluate the effect
media can influence health influences thoughts, messages from media of media on personal and
behaviors. feelings, and health influence health family health.
behaviors. behaviors.
2.5.6. Describe ways that 2.8.6. Analyze the 2.12.6. Evaluate the
technology can influence influence of technology on impact of technology on
personal health. personal and family personal, family and
health. community health.
2.8.7. Explain how the 2.12.7. Analyze how the
perceptions of norms perceptions of norms
influence healthy and influence healthy and
unhealthy behaviors. unhealthy behaviors.
2.8.8. Explain the 2.12.8. Analyze the
influence of personal influence of personal
values and beliefs on values and beliefs on
individual health practices individual health practices
and behaviors. and behaviors.
2.8.9. Describe how some 2.12.9. Analyze how some
health risk behaviors can health risk behaviors can
influence the likelihood of influence the likelihood of
engaging in unhealthy engaging in unhealthy
behaviors. behaviors.
2.8.10. Explain how 2.12.10. Analyze how
school and public health public health policies and
policies can influence government regulations
health promotion and can influence health
disease prevention. promotion and disease
prevention.
National Health Education Standards: Achieving Excellence
HEALTH EDUCATION STANDARD 3 - Students will Demonstrate the ability to access valid
information and products and services to enhance health.
Rationale
Accessing valid health information and health-promoting products and services is critical in the prevention,
early detection, and treatment of health problems. This standard focuses on how to identify and access valid
health resources and to reject unproven sources. Application of the skills of analysis, comparison and evaluation
of health resources empowers students to achieve health literacy.
Performance Indicators
Pre-K-2 3-5 6-8 9-12
3.2.1. Identify trusted 3.5.1. Identify 3.8.1. Analyze the 3.12.1. Evaluate the
adults and characteristics of valid validity of health validity of health
professionals who can health information, information, products information, products
help promote health. products and services. and services. and services.
3.2.2. Identify ways to 3.5.2. Locate resources 3.8.2. Access valid 3.12.2. use resources
locate school and from home, school and health information from home, school and
community health community that from home, school, and community that
helpers. provide valid health community. provide valid health
information. information.
3.8.3. Determine the 3.12.3. Determine the
accessibility of accessibility of
products that enhance products and services
health. that enhance health.
3.8.4. Describe 3.12.4. Determine
situations that may when professional
require professional health services may be
health services. required.
3.8.5. Locate valid and 3.12.5. Access valid
reliable health products and reliable health
and services. products and services.
National Health Education Standards: Achieving Excellence
HEALTH EDUCATION STANDARD 4 - Students will Demonstrate the ability to use interpersonal
communication skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks.
Rationale
Effective communication enhances personal, family, and community health. This standard focuses on how
responsible individuals use verbal and non-verbal skills to develop and maintain healthy personal relationships.
The ability to organize and to convey information and feelings is the basis for strengthening interpersonal
interactions and reducing or avoiding conflict.
Performance Indicators
Pre-K-2 3-5 6-8 9-12
4.2.1. Demonstrate 4.5.1. Demonstrate 4.8.1. apply effective 4.12.1. utilize skills for
healthy ways to express effective verbal and verbal and nonverbal communicating
needs, wants and non-verbal communication skills effectively with family,
feelings. communication skills to enhance health. peers, and others to
to enhance health. enhance health.
4.2.2. Demonstrate 4.5.2. Demonstrate 4.8.2. Demonstrate 4.12.2. Demonstrate
Listening skills to refusal skills to avoid refusal and negotiation refusal, negotiation,
enhance health. or reduce health risks. skills to avoid or and collaboration skills
reduce health risks. to enhance health and
avoid or reduce health
risks.
4.2.3. Demonstrate 4.5.3. Demonstrate 4.8.3. Demonstrate 4.12.3. Demonstrate
ways to respond when non-violent strategies effective conflict strategies to prevent,
in an unwanted, to manage or resolve management or manage or resolve
threatening or conflict. resolution strategies. interpersonal conflicts
dangerous situation. without harming self or
others.
4.2.4. Demonstrate 4.5.4. Demonstrate how 4.8.4. Demonstrate how 4.12.4. Demonstrate
ways to tell a trusted to ask for assistance to to ask for assistance to how to ask for and
adult if threatened or enhance personal enhance the health of offer assistance to
harmed. health. self and others. enhance the health of
self and others.
National Health Education Standards: Achieving Excellence
HEALTH EDUCATION STANDARD 5 - Students will Demonstrate the ability to use decision-making
skills to enhance health.
Rationale
Decision-making skills are needed in order to Identify, implement and sustain health-enhancing behaviors. This
standard includes the essential steps that are needed to make healthy decisions as prescribed in the performance
indicators. When applied to health issues, the decision-making process enables individuals to collaborate with
others to improve quality of life.
Performance Indicators
Pre-K-2 3-5 6-8 9-12
5.8.1. Identify 5.12.1. Examine
circumstances that can barriers that can hinder
help or hinder healthy healthy decision
decision making. making.
5.2.1. Identify 5.5.1. Identify health- 5.8.2. Determine when 5.12.2. Determine the
situations when a related situations that health-related situations value of applying a
health-related decision might require a require the application thoughtful decision
is needed. thoughtful decision. of a thoughtful decision making process in
making process. health related
situations.
5.2.2. differentiate 5.5.2. Analyze when 5.8.3. distinguish when 5.12.3. Justify when
between situations assistance is needed individual or individual or
when a health-related when making a health- collaborative decision collaborative decision
decision can be made related decision. making is appropriate. making is appropriate.
individually or when
assistance is needed.
5.5.3. List healthy 5.8.4. Distinguish 5.12.4. Generate
options to health between healthy and alternatives to health-
related issues or unhealthy alternatives related issues or
problems. to health- related issues problems.
or problems.
5.5.4. Predict the 5.8.5. Predict the 5.12.5. Predict the
potential outcomes of potential short-term potential short and
each option when impact of each long-term impact of
making a health related alternative on self and each alternative on self
decision. others. and others.
5.5.5. Choose a healthy 5.8.6. Choose healthy 5.12.6. Defend the
option when making a alternatives over healthy choice when
decision. unhealthy alternatives making decisions.
when making a
decision.
5.5.6. Describe the 5.8.7. Analyze the 5.12.7. Evaluate the
outcomes of a health outcomes of a health effectiveness of health-
related decision. related decision. related decisions.
National Health Education Standards: Achieving Excellence
HEALTH EDUCATION STANDARD 6 - Students will Demonstrate the ability to use goal-setting skills
to enhance health.
Rationale
Goal-setting skills are essential to help students Identify, adopt and maintain healthy behaviors. This standard
includes the critical steps needed to achieve both short-term and long-term health goals. These skills make it
possible for individuals to have aspirations and plans for the future.
Performance Indicators
Pre-K-2 3-5 6-8 9-12
6.8.1. Assess personal 6.12.1. Assess personal
health practices. health practices and
overall health status.
6.2.1. Identify a short- 6.5.1. Set a personal 6.8.2. Develop a goal to 6.12.2. Develop a plan
term personal health health goal and track adopt, maintain, or to attain a personal
goal and take action progress toward its improve a personal health goal that
toward achieving the achievement. health practice. addresses strengths,
goal. needs, and risks.
6.2.2. Identify who can 6.5.2. Identify 6.8.3. Apply strategies 6.12.3. Implement
help when assistance is resources to assist in and skills needed to strategies and monitor
needed to achieve a achieving a personal attain a personal health progress in achieving a
personal health goal. health goal. goal. personal health goal.
6.8.4. Describe how 6.12.4. Formulate an
personal health goals effective long-term
can vary with changing personal health plan.
abilities, priorities, and
responsibilities.

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