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College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Bureau of Economic and Business Research
Florida Estimates of Population
2017
Florida Estimates of Population 2017
April 1, 2017
Bureau of Economic and Business Research
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
University of Florida
720 SW 2nd Avenue, Suite 150
P.O. Box 117148
Gainesville, Florida 32611-7148
Phone: (352) 392-0171
Fax: (352) 392-4739
bebr.ufl.edu
Copyright ? 2017 by the University of Florida
University of Florida
W. Kent Fuchs, President
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
Dave Richardson, Dean
Bureau of Economic and Business Research
Christopher McCarty, Director
Population Program
Stefan Rayer, Population Program Director
Richard Doty, GIS Coordinator/Research Demographer
Suzanne Roulston-Doty, GIS Project Manager/Research Demographer
Stanley K. Smith, Professor
Jason Teisinger, GIS Project Manager
Ying Wang, Research Demographer
Table of Contents
Methodology _____________________________________________________________________________ 1
Table 1. Estimates of Population by County and City in Florida, 2017 _________________________________ 5
Table 2. Components of Population Change for Counties in Florida, 2010 to 2017 ______________________ 19
Table 3. Population and Population Change for Counties in Florida, 1990 to 2017 ______________________ 21
Table 4. Population and Population Change for Metropolitan Statistical Areas in Florida, 1990 to 2017 _____ 23
Table 5. Population Change by Decade for Regional Planning Councils in Florida, 1990 to 2017 ____________ 25
Table 6. Rank of Florida Counties by Population Size in 2017 and Population Distribution, 1990 to 2017 ____ 27
Table 7. Rank of Florida Counties by Percent Change in Population, 2010 to 2017 ______________________ 29
Figure 1. Percent Change in Population, 2010 to 2017 ____________________________________________ 30
Table 8. Rank of Florida Counties by Population Change, 2010 to 2017 _______________________________ 31
Figure 2. Population Change, 2010 to 2017 _____________________________________________________ 32
Table 9. Rank of Top 100 Cities in Florida by Population Size, 2000 to 2017 ____________________________ 33
Table 10. Rank of Top 100 Cities in Florida by Percent Change in Population, 2010 to 2017 _______________ 35
Table 11. Rank of Top 100 Cities in Florida by Population Change, 2010 to 2017 ________________________ 36
Table 12. Age Distribution (Percentage) of the Population of Florida and Its Counties, 1990 to 2016 ________ 37
Table 13. Rank of Florida Counties by Percent of Population Aged 17 and Younger, 2016 _________________ 41
Figure 3. Percent of Population Aged 17 and Younger, 2016 ________________________________________ 42
Table 14. Rank of Florida Counties by Percent of Population Aged 65 and Older, 2016 ___________________ 43
Figure 4. Percent of Population Aged 65 and Older, 2016 __________________________________________ 44
Table 15. Rank of Florida Counties by Percent of Black Population, 2016 ______________________________ 45
Figure 5. Black Population as Percent of Total Population, 2016 _____________________________________ 46
Table 16. Rank of Florida Counties by Percent of Hispanic Population, 2016 ___________________________ 47
Figure 6. Hispanic Population as Percent of Total Population, 2016 __________________________________ 48
Table 17. Population per Square Mile for Florida Counties, 2000 to 2017 _____________________________ 49
Figure 7. Population per Square Mile, 2017 _____________________________________________________ 51
Table 18. Location of Florida Cities ____________________________________________________________ 52
Methodology for Florida Estimates of Population: April 1, 2017
Guidelines for Population Estimates
This report provides population estimates for Florida the governmental unit in which the institutions are
and each of its counties and incorporated cities, as of located.
April 1, 2017. These estimates were prepared under a (c) Nothing herein shall be construed to prohibit the
contractual agreement between the Florida Legis- separate determination of any categories of persons,
lature and the Bureau of Economic and Business whether resident or nonresident.
Research (BEBR) at the University of Florida. The basic
guidelines for producing population estimates were (3) In cases of annexation or consolidation, local
established by the 1972 Florida Legislature in Chapter governments shall be required to submit to the
23, Section 23.019, Florida Statutes, entitled "Popu- Executive Office of the Governor, within 30 days
lation census determination." These guidelines have following annexation or consolidation, a statement as
been revised several times since 1972, the most to the population census effect of the action.
recent being Section 186.901 of the 2014 Florida
Statutes, which states: (4) Estimates of inmates and patients pursuant to
paragraph (2)(b) shall be separately stated in pop-
(1) The Office of Economic and Demographic Research ulation reports issued pursuant to this section.
shall annually provide to the Executive Office of the
Governor population estimates of local governmental It should be noted that these estimates refer solely to
units as of April 1 of each year, utilizing accepted permanent residents of the state of Florida. According
statistical practices. The population of local govern- to Census Bureau guidelines, one's permanent
ments provided by the Office of Economic and residence is the place one lives and sleeps most of the
Demographic Research shall apply to any revenue time. Consequently, temporary residents such as
sharing formula with local governments under the tourists and snowbirds are not included in these
provisions of ss. 218.20-218.26, part II of chapter 218. estimates. Many places in Florida have large numbers
The Office of Economic and Demographic Research of temporary residents during certain times of the
shall additionally provide the Executive Office of the year, making their total de facto populations much
Governor population estimates for municipal annex- larger than their permanent resident populations.
ations or consolidations occurring during the period
April 1 through February 28, and the Executive Office Estimation Methodology
of the Governor shall include these estimates in its
certification to the Department of Revenue for the The Bureau of Economic and Business Research
annual revenue-sharing calculation. (BEBR) makes population estimates for every county
and subcounty area in Florida, with subcounty areas
(2) (a) Population shall be computed as the number of defined as incorporated cities, towns and villages, and
residents, employing the same general guidelines the unincorporated balance of each county. County
used by the United States Bureau of the Census. estimates are calculated as the sum of the subcounty
(b) For the purpose of revenue-sharing distribution estimates for each county and the state estimate is
formulas and distribution proportions for the local calculated as the sum of the county estimates. The
government half-cent sales tax, inmates and patients estimates refer solely to permanent residents of
residing in institutions operated by the Federal Florida; they do not include seasonal or other types of
Government, the Department of Corrections, the temporary residents.
Department of Health, or the Department of Children
and Families shall not be considered to be residents of The estimates are produced using the housing unit
1 Florida Estimates of Population 2017 Bureau of Economic and Business Research, University of Florida
method, in which changes in population are based on not necessarily the same as one's legal or voting
changes in occupied housing units (or households). residence. A household is the person or group of
This is the most commonly used method for making people occupying a housing unit; by definition, the
local population estimates in the United States number of occupied housing units is the same as the
because it can utilize a wide variety of data sources, number of households. Households refer solely to
can be applied at any level of geography, and can permanent residents and a housing unit is classified as
produce estimates that are at least as accurate as vacant even when it is continuously occupied, if all the
those produced by any other method. occupants are temporary residents staying only for a
few days, weeks, or months.
The foundation of the housing unit method is the fact
that almost everyone lives in some type of housing BEBR uses three different data sources to estimate
structure, whether a traditional single family unit, an the number of households in Florida. Our primary
apartment, a mobile home, a college dormitory, or a data source is active residential electric customers.
state prison. The population of any geographic area We collect these data from each of the state's 54
can be calculated as the number of occupied housing electric utility companies. Households can be estim-
units (households) times the average number of ated by constructing a ratio of households to active
persons per household (PPH), plus the number of residential electric customers using data from the
persons living in group quarters such as college most recent census year (e.g., 2010) and multiplying
dormitories, military barracks, nursing homes, and that ratio times the number of active residential
prisons: customers in some later year (e.g., 2017). This
procedure assumes that no changes have occurred in
Pt = (Ht x PPHt) + GQt electric company bookkeeping practices, in the
vacancy rate of active residential electric customers,
where Pt is the population at time t, Ht is the number or in the proportion of those customers who are
of occupied housing units at time t, PPHt is the average permanent residents. Although changes do occur,
number of persons per household at time t, and GQt they are generally fairly small. In some places we
is the group quarters population at time t. Estimates adjust the household/electric customer ratio to
of the number of people without permanent living account for changes in the vacancy rate or the
quarters (e.g., the homeless population) are included proportion of housing units occupied by permanent
in estimates of the group quarters population. residents.
This is an identity, not an estimate. If these three We sometimes filter electric customer data to exclude
components were known exactly, the total population limited use customers. Limited use customers are
would also be known. The problem, of course, is that those using less than a specified amount of electricity
these components are almost never known exactly. during certain months of the year. We believe these
Rather, they must be estimated from various data customers represent seasonal or other part-time
sources, using one or more of several possible residents and excluding them may give a more
techniques. In this report, we describe the data and accurate measure of permanent residents. These data
techniques used to develop population estimates for are not available for all areas of the state, but in places
Florida's counties and subcounty areas for April 1, in which the data are available and appear to be
2017. reliable we may use them in conjunction with other
data sources.
Households
Our second data source is residential building permits,
Census definitions require a person to be counted as as collected and distributed by the U.S. Department of
an inhabitant of his/her usual place of residence, Commerce. The housing inventory in 2017 for a city
which is generally construed to mean the place where or county that issues building permits can be
she/he lives and sleeps most of the time. This place is estimated by adding permits issued since 2010 to the
Bureau of Economic and Business Research, University of Florida Florida Estimates of Population 2017 2

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