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PDF Business Education 11 and 12 and Economics 12

BUSINESS
EDUCATION
11 AND 12 AND
ECONOMICS 12
? Accounting 11 and 12
? Financial Accounting 12
? Business Computer Applications 11
? Business Information Management 12
? Data Management 12
? Economics 12
? Entrepreneurship 12
? Management Innovation 12
? Marketing 11 and 12
Integrated Resource Package 1998
This IRP was revised in April 2011 to remove references
Ministry of Education to the 1995 Graduation Program. (page 22) IRP 065
Copyright ? 1998 Ministry of Education Province of British Columbia
Copyright Notice
No part of the content of this document may be reproduced in any form or by any means, including electronic storage,
reproduction, execution , or transmission without the prior written permission of the Province.
Proprietary Notice
This document contains information that is proprietary and confidential to the Province. Any reproduction,
disclosure, or other use of this document is expressly prohibited except as the Province may authorize in writing.
Limited Exception to Non-Reproduction
Permission to copy and use this publication in part, or in its entirety, for non-profit educational purposes within
British Columbia and the Yukon, is granted to all staff of BC school board trustees, including teachers and
administrators; organizations comprising the Education Advisory Council as identified by Ministerial Order; and
other parties providing direct or indirect education programs to entitled students as identified by the School Act or the
Independent School Act.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PREFACE: USING THIS INTEGRATED RESOURCE PACKAGE
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III
INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS EDUCATION 11 AND 12 AND ECONOMICS 12
Why Business Education and Economics? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
What Are Business Education and Economics? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
K to 12 Curriculum Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Organization of the Business Education 11 and 12 and Economics 12 Curricula . . . . 5
Suggested Instructional Strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Considerations for Instruction in Business Education and Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Suggested Assessment Strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Integration of Cross-Curricular Interests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Learning Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Planning Your Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
THE CURRICULA
Accounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
? Accounting 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
? Accounting 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
? Financial Accounting 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Business Communication Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
? Business Computer Applications 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
? Business Information Management 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
? Data Management 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Economics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
? Economics 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Entrepreneurship and Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
? Entrepreneurship 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
? Management Innovation 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Marketing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
? Marketing 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
? Marketing 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
BUSINESS EDUCATION 11 AND 12 AND ECONOMICS 12 ? III
TABLE OF CONTENTS
BUSINESS EDUCATION 11 AND 12 AND ECONOMICS 12 APPENDICES
Appendix A: Prescribed Learning Outcomes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-4
Appendix B: Learning Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-3
Appendix C: Cross-Curricular Interests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-3
Appendix D: Assessment and Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-3
Appendix E: Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-3
IV ? BUSINESS EDUCATION 11 AND 12 AND ECONOMICS 12
PREFACE: USING THIS INTEGRATED RESOURCE PACKAGE
his Integrated Resource Package out the knowledge, enduring ideas, issues,
(IRP) provides basic information concepts, skills, and attitudes for each sub-
teachers will require in order to ject. They are statements of what students
Timplement the Business Education 11 and 12 are expected to know and be able to do in
curriculum. The information contained each grade. Learning outcomes are clearly
in this IRP is also available via the Ministry stated and expressed in observable terms.
web site: All learning outcomes complete the stem:
. "It is expected that students will. . . . ".
The following paragraphs provide brief Outcome statements have been written to
descriptions about each section of the IRP. enable teachers to use their experience and
professional judgment when planning and
THE INTRODUCTION evaluating. The outcomes are benchmarks
The Introduction provides general information that will permit the use of criterion-refer-
about Business Education 11 and 12, includ- enced performance standards. It is expected
ing special features and requirements. It also that actual student performance
provides a rationale for teaching Business will vary. Evaluation, reporting, and student
Education 11 and 12 in BC schools. placement with respect to these outcomes
depend on the professional judgment of
BUSINESS EDUCATION 11 AND 12 teachers, guided by provincial policy.
CURRICULUM Suggested Instructional Strategies
The provincially prescribed curriculum for Instruction involves the use of techniques,
Business Education 11 and 12 is structured in activities, and methods that can be employed
terms of curriculum organizers. The main body to meet diverse student needs and to deliver
of this IRP consists of four columns of informa- the prescribed curriculum. Teachers are free
tion to adapt the suggested instructional strate-
for each organizer. These columns describe: gies or substitute others that will enable their
? provincially prescribed learning outcome students to achieve the prescribed learning
statements outcomes. These strategies have been devel-
? suggested instructional strategies for oped by specialist and generalist teachers to
achieving the outcomes assist their colleagues; they are suggestions
? suggested assessment strategies for deter- only.
mining how well students are achieving
the outcomes Suggested Assessment Strategies
? provincially recommended learning The assessment strategies suggest a variety
resources of ways to gather information about student
Prescribed Learning Outcomes performance. Some assessment strategies
relate to specific activities; others are general.
Learning outcome statements are content These strategies have been developed by
standards for the provincial education specialist and generalist teachers to assist
system. Prescribed learning outcomes set their colleagues; they are suggestions only.
BUSINESS EDUCATION 11 AND 12 ? III
PREFACE: USING THIS INTEGRATED RESOURCE PACKAGE
Provincially Recommended THE APPENDICES
Learning Resources A series of appendices provides additional
Provincially recommended learning information about the curriculum, and
resources are materials that have been further support for the teacher.
reviewed and evaluated by BC educators in ? Appendix A lists the curriculum
collaboration with the Ministry of Education organizers and the prescribed learning
according to a stringent set of criteria. These outcomes for each grade for the
resources are organized as Grade Collections. curriculum.
A Grade Collection is the format used to
organize the provincially recommended ? Appendix B consists of general
learning resources by grade and by information on learning resources as well
curriculum organizer. It can be regarded as as Grade Collection organizational charts
a `starter set' of basic resources to deliver the and annotations for the provincially
curriculum. These resources are typically recommended resources. New resources
materials suitable for student use, but they are evaluated and added to the Grade
may also include information primarily Collections on a regular basis.
intended for teachers. Teachers and school ? Appendix C contains assistance for teach-
districts are encouraged to select those ers regarding provincial evaluation and
resources that they find most relevant and reporting policy. Prescribed learning
useful for their students, and to supplement outcomes have been used as the source for
these with locally approved materials and samples of criterion-referenced evalua-
resources to meet specific tions.
local needs.
The recommended resources listed in the ? Appendix D acknowledges the many
main body (fourth column) of this IRP are people and organizations that have been
those that either present comprehensive involved in the development of this IRP.
coverage of the learning outcomes of the
particular curriculum organizer or provide
unique support to specific topics. Further
information about these recommended
learning resources is found in Appendix B.
IV ? BUSINESS EDUCATION 11 AND 12

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