Water finance for very small water systems

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Water Finance for Very Small Water Systems
Shadi Eskaf
eskaf@sog.unc.edu 919-962-2785
Environmental Finance Center at UNC School of Government
NCWOA Very Small Groundwater Systems Seminar
March 13, 2014
Wilkesboro, NC
Housed at the UNC
School of Government.
Dedicated to enhancing
the ability of governments
and other organizations to
provide environmental
programs and services in
fair, effective and
financially sustainable

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Public Water Supply Section (Division
of Water Resources, NC DENR)
Smart Management for Small Water Systems
under a Cooperative Agreement with the US EPA
? The EFCN provides training and technical assistance to small public water systems in all
fifty states and five territories to help local water systems achieve and maintain
compliance with the Safe Drinking Water Act.
? Workshops, trainings and direct assistance are provided on:
- Asset Management
- Water Loss Reduction
- Water System Collaboration
- Fiscal Planning and Rate Setting
- Energy Management
- Funding Coordination, and
- Managerial and Financial Leadership
? Sign up for direct assistance at
or come see me at the break
A little about you and your systems
? Water system management is your primary job
? You are responsible for financial management of the
? You have individual water meters for households
? You budget and account for your water system
separately from other programs
? Your customers are charged directly and separately
for water
? How much do you charge/set aside for the water
system (each household/month)
- NC local governments with <500 people and good
financial record, charge $16-$49/month for average
water bills (half more than $22/month)
Topics to Discuss Today
? Budgeting 101: Understanding Your Costs
and Revenues
? Capital Planning
? Financing Your Water System Needs

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